General

Effects of tree diversity on insects

Plant diversity, typically measured as the number of plant species at a local site, plays a primary role in regulating and maintaining many ecosystem processes such as decomposition rates, plant growth, and resistance against disturbance. In addition, plant diversity...

Editor's Choice March and April

March was a hectic project month in Belgium, with a series of important deadlines. A shame that I did not provide blog notes for our editor’s choices for March - they are great. Timothee Poisot and colleagues published a forum paper on the context-dependency of species...

How does influenza virus affect behaviour?

Avian influenza viruses may be spread by wild birds, and waterfowl in particular. In order to model the dispersal of these viruses, it is important to assess the effects of infection on the birds’ behaviour. We compared the local and regional movements of mallard ducks...

Welcome Florian Altermatt - new SE

We are very happy to welcome Florian Altermatt, University of Zurich, to the Oikos Editorial Board. Below, he introduces himself: 1. What's you main research focus at the moment? My main interests at the moment are to understand how spatial network configuration shapes...

Herbivory variation - latitude or climate?

Ecologists have repeatedly reported that lower latitudes are associated with increases in herbivore abundance and damage. However, recent studies have confirmed that this pattern is not as common as previously thought. In our paper, " Latitudinal variation in herbivory...

How do long-lived species respond to environmental changes?

New model predicts how long-lived species experience changes in the environment. Presented in the Oikos Early View paper " An integrated population model for a long-lived ungulate: more efficient data use with Bayesian methods" by Aline M. Lee and coworkers. Watch...

Castration or death?

Not a choice many of us would care to face. But this is an essential risk management decision made by the snail Littorina littorea based on the micro-positioning it chooses within the intertidal zone on rocky coastlines of the North Atlantic. If a snail chooses to live...

Dispersal among local communities

Whether ecological communities can exhibit historical contingency is an important question in community ecology. Ample theoretical and empirical evidence has shown that difference in assembly history can lead to alternative community states that differ in species...

Control of large carnivores could backfire if mesopredators are released

Humans cull large carnivore populations in areas around the world to reduce predation on wild and domestic ungulates. However, medium-sized ungulates such as sheep and deer are often preyed upon by smaller predators such as coyotes and lynx as well. Suppression of...

The complexities of climate on the feeding ecology of the polar bear

There may be no more prevalent icon of climate change in the Arctic than the polar bear. The story is simple: a warming climate is causing reductions in the volume, extent and seasonal duration of Arctic sea ice. Polar bears use the sea ice surface for hunting seals,...

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