Author Guidelines

Oikos sections

Research papers - Research papers report original research in all fields of ecology and should aim at a readership from a wide range of ecological disciplines. 

Forum - Oikos Forum section is the home for synthesis and review. The format can be short notes or more substantial reviews to bring fields together, to transgress existing boundaries by synthesizing larger fields or seemingly disparate areas, and to offer new ways of interpreting existing data. Forum articles must strive for conceptual unification and serve as a point of departure for future work rather than just summarizing existing bodies of theory and data. It is an arena for challenging current thinking on ecological issues by revising established concepts and insights from critical experiments or for developing new theory to promote novel research. Purely speculative pieces are discouraged. Where uncertainties, problems, or debates in current theory are identified, authors are strongly encouraged to, wherever possible, highlight productive and positive lines of research that may resolve the issue. In particular, we encourage collaboration in debates to promote more effective synthesis and balance. 

Forum pieces are commissioned by either direct invitation from the Forum Editor, Dustin Marshall (in consultation with the EiC and board), or via unsolicited proposals. Proposals should be no more than half a page in length and should include statements about the novelty and need for the piece as well as suggestions with regard to which members of the editorial board would be most suited to evaluating the proposal. Prospective authors are strongly encouraged to read the recent editorial on why many Forum proposals are unsuccessful Proposals should be sent to oikos [at] oikosoffice [dot] lu [dot] se

Meta-analyses - Synthesis is a critical component of modern ecology and involves big data in many forms.  We welcome meta-analyses and systematic reviews provided quantitative analyses are included either of the literature or of the evidence reported within studies.  Novelty, future research, and analysis of gaps are strongly encouraged versus summary. Transparent reporting of the synthesis process is required.

General editorial practice

Submit your manuscript at:

You will receive a receipt with a tracking code. Please refer to this code in all correspondence with the Editorial Office.

Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that the work has not been published before, is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has been read and approved by all authors. The submission of the manuscript by the authors means that the authors automatically agree to assign exclusive copyright to the journal if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication. 

This work shall not be published elsewhere in any language without the written consent of the journal. Posting an article on the author’s personal website or in an institutional repository is not viewed as prior publication and such articles can therefore be submitted. The articles published in this journal are protected by copyright, which covers translation rights and the exclusive right to reproduce and distribute all of the articles printed in the journal. Manuscripts that have been posted in a recognized preprint archive (such as arXiv and PeerJ PrePrints), can also be considered for publication, providing that upon acceptance of their article, the authors are still able to grant Oikos an exclusive licence to publish the article, or agree to the terms of an OnlineOpen agreement and pay the associated fee. No material published in the journal may be stored on microfilm or videocassettes or in electronic databases and the like or reproduced photographically without the prior written permission of the journal. 

It is the authors‘ responsibility to inform Oikos at submission, about previous posting of the article. If the manuscript is accepted for publication in Oikos, the authors are required to provide a link to the final manuscript alongside the original preprint version.

Manuscripts are submitted to reviewers for evaluation of their significance and soundness. Authors will generally be notified of acceptance, rejection, or need for revision within two months. Decisions of the editor are final. 

Data archiving and registration of sequences - Oikos requires authors to deposit the data (and/or mathematical och computer models) supporting the results in the paper in a publically accessible archive, such as Dryad (DataDryad.Org), TreeBase, figshare or other archive that guarantees preservation and access. A DOI-number from the archive should be provided by the authors or the archive, after acceptance of the paper. Data should be made publicly available at the time of publication, but may be postponed for up to one year if the archive allows for it. Longer emabrgos may be granted after correspondande with the editorial office of Oikos.  Derived, summary data may also be archived. DNA sequences published in Oikos should be deposited in the EMBL/GenBank/DDJB Nucleotide Sequence Databases. An accession number for each sequence must be included in the manuscript. Here is a list of suggested depositories:

How to cite data in a manuscript - Data should be cited both in the text and in the Bibliography. When referencing data in the text put this as the last part of material and methods:

Data available from the Dryad Digital Repository:[NNNN] (Heneghan et al. 2011).

In the Bibliography:

Heneghan C, Thompson M, Billingsley M, Cohen, D (2011) Data from: Medical-device recalls in the UK and the device-regulation process: retrospective review of safety notices and alerts. Dryad Digital Repository.

If several data sources are used cite these as 2011a, 2011b etc.

Authorship. Statement on authorship. Papers should conform to recommendations for authorship provided by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (the Vancouver Group; see That is, authorship of a paper carries with it responsibility as well as credit. All those whose names appear as authors should have played a significant role in designing or carrying out the research, writing the manuscript, or providing extensive guidance to the execution of the project. They should be able to present and defend the work in a public forum. Honorary authorship is to be avoided. All authors must be in agreement on both the submission and full content of any article carrying their name. Any violation of these conditions represents academic misconduct and will be dealt with accordingly. 



Manuscripts should be submitted at Upon acceptance the manuscript should be provided in Microsoft Word, Rich Text Format or Post Script format with high resolution figures included. 

Language. Manuscripts should be in English. Linguistic usage should be correct. Avoid the use of the passive voice. Avoid extensive reviews in the Introduction and Discussion. Cite only essential sources of a theory or opinion. 

Title. The title should be brief and contain words useful for indexing and information retrieval. 

Text. The first page should contain only the title and the author's name, Orcid IDs, address, and email-address. Orcid id ( is mandatory for the corresponding author, and recommended for the other authors. Page two contains the abstract, in which the main results of the work should be summarized. The abstract should not contain more than 300 words. Begin the introduction on page three. Avoid right margin justification and hyphenation. Double-check the contents of your manuscript before submitting. Only printer' mistakes in proofs will be changed free of charge. Oikos do not print symbols or formulas in italics.

Illustrations. Tables and legends of illustrations should be written double-spaced on separate sheets. Do not incorporate the legend in the figure itself. Tables and illustrations should be comprehensible without reference to the text. Do not use italic lettering. 

Figures should be planned to appear with a maximum final width of 8 cm (single-column), 12.5 cm (1.5 column) or 16.6 cm (double-column). The font used in figures should be either Helvetica or Arial. Letters, numbers and symbols must appear clearly but not oversized. A suitable final size for lettering is 1-2 mm at reproduction size. One uniform size throughout is generally recommended. Avoid complicated symbols or patterns. Use open and closed circles, squares and triangles; open, striped and closed bars in histograms. Each figure should be boxed in and scale marks (turning inwards) provided. Lines should be clear, but not thick and heavy. Plan your illustrations for the smallest size possible (one column). Be sure that the lettering is clear and readable, even if the figure is de-sized. 

Since 2015 Oikos is only published online. We are therefore happy to include any colour figures free of charge.

Units. Use SI units as far as possible. 

Nomenclature. Binomial Latin names should be used in accordance with International Rules of Nomenclature. 


Titles of journals should be abbreviated following Biological Abstracts. If in doubt, give the title in full. Do not refer to unpublished material. 
The list of references should be arranged alphabetically on authors' names and chronologically per author. If the author's name is is also mentioned with co-authors the following order should be used: publications of the single author, arranged chronologically - publications of the same author with one co-author, arranged chronologically - publications of the author with more than one co-author, arranged chronologically. Publications by the same author(s) in the same year shoul be listed as 2004a, 2004b, etc. Reference lists not conforming to this format will be returned for revision. 

In the list of references (double-spaced), the following usage should be conformed to:

Haila, Y. and Järvinen, O. 1983. Land bird communities on a Finnish island: species impoverishment and abundance patterns. - Oikos 41: 255-273.

Atkinson, C. T. and Samuel, M. D. 2010. Avian malaria Plasmodium relictum in native Hawaiian forest birds: epizootiology and demographic impacts on ‘apapane Himatione sanguinea. – J. Avian Biol. 41: 357–366.

If more than two authors:
Lindsay, A. et al. 2000. Are plant populations seed-limited? A review of seed sowing experiments. – Oikos 88: 225–238.

Mayr, E. 1963. Animal species and evolution. - Harvard Univ. Press.

Goodall, D. W. 1972. Building and testing ecosystem models. - In: Jeffers, J. N. R. (ed.), Mathematical models in ecology. Blackwell, pp. 173-194. 
In the text references are given: Mayr (1963) or, at the end of a sentence, (Mayr 1963). 

Acknowledgements. Keep them short. 

Appendices: Supplementary material may be posted as electronic appendices on the journal's appendix site.

Read important instructions on how we handle Supplementary materials here.

Authors are recommended to follow the guidelines set out in: O'Connor, M. 1991. Writing successfully in science. - Harper Collins Academic, London, and to examine the latest issues of the printed Oikos or the PDF available at Wiley Online Library. Manuscripts not conforming to the requirements will be returned for revision.

after acceptance

Manuscripts are edited to improve communication between author and reader. 

Authors will receive electronic proofs via e-mail, together with the Exclusive License Form (ELF)). Correct only printer's mistakes. You will be charged for excessive corrections beyond such mistakes. 

Exclusive Licence Form. Authors will be required to sign the Exclusive Licence Form (ELF) for all papers accepted for publication. Signature of the ELF is a condition of publication and papers will not be passed to the publisher for production unless a signed form has been received. Please note that signature of the Exclusive Licence Form does not affect ownership of copyright in the material. (Government employees need to complete the Author Warranty sections, although copyright in such cases does not need to be assigned). After publication authors will retain the right to publish their paper in various media/circumstances (please see the form for further details). To assist authors an ELF can be supplied by the Editorial Office. Alternatively, authors may like to download a copy of the form.

No offprints will be supplied. Instead corresponding authors will receive a locked PDF file to the use at their discretion. 

There are no page charges. OnlineOpen is available to authors who wish to make their article available to non-subscribers on publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. This option helps authors to spread their research to a wider audience by making their paper freely available for anyone to download and read immediately after publication.With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive. The current fee for OnlineOpen is $2000, but the fee can often be covered by your funder or institution.  Via Wiley we collaborate with many of the large funding bodies and institutions worldwide, e.g. RCUK and Max Planck. For a list of collaborators please click here. For the full list of terms and conditions, see here:

Any authors wishing to send their paper OnlineOpen will be required to complete the payment form available from our website at:

Prior to acceptance there is no requirement to inform an Editorial Office that you intend to publish your paper OnlineOpen if you do not wish to. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.