Author Guidelines

Quick checklist:

To make the submission process easier, we differentiate between initial and revised submissions. Initial submissions can be in any file format providing they adhere to the following requirements:

  • Single column, double line spaced, with page- and line-numbers.
  • The manuscript should contain: Title page with author information, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, Declarations, References, Figures and Tables with captions.
  • Make sure all references are complete and correct. Also make sure all references cited in the text are listed in the reference list and vice versa!
  • Check the PDF generated by S1M that equations and text and that all files are correct and complete before submission.
  • Statement of where you intend to archive your data.

Oikos sections

Research papers - Research papers report original research in all fields of ecology and should aim at a readership from a wide range of ecological disciplines. 

Forum - Oikos Forum section is the home for synthesis and review. The format can be short notes or more substantial reviews to bring fields together, to transgress existing boundaries by synthesizing larger fields or seemingly disparate areas, and to offer new ways of interpreting existing data. Forum articles must strive for conceptual unification and serve as a point of departure for future work rather than just summarizing existing bodies of theory and data. It is an arena for challenging current thinking on ecological issues by revising established concepts and insights from critical experiments or for developing new theory to promote novel research. Purely speculative pieces are discouraged. Where uncertainties, problems, or debates in current theory are identified, authors are strongly encouraged to, wherever possible, highlight productive and positive lines of research that may resolve the issue. In particular, we encourage collaboration in debates to promote more effective synthesis and balance. 

Forum pieces are commissioned by either direct invitation from the Forum Editor, Dustin Marshall (in consultation with the EiC and board), or via unsolicited proposals. Proposals should be no more than half a page in length and should include statements about the novelty and need for the piece as well as suggestions with regard to which members of the editorial board would be most suited to evaluating the proposal. Prospective authors are strongly encouraged to read the recent editorial on why many Forum proposals are unsuccessful Proposals should be sent to oikos [at] oikosoffice [dot] lu [dot] se

Meta-analyses - Synthesis is a critical component of modern ecology and involves big data in many forms.  We welcome meta-analyses and systematic reviews provided quantitative analyses are included either of the literature or of the evidence reported within studies.  Novelty, future research, and analysis of gaps are strongly encouraged versus summary. Transparent reporting of the synthesis process is required.

Initial submission

All manuscripts must be submitted at [länk]
You are welcome to submit your manuscript in any technical format. High-resolution files are not required for initial submission.

There are no page charges for publishing in Oikos.

You will receive a receipt with a manuscript ID. Please refer to this ID in all correspondence with the Editorial Office.

Revised submission

When submitting a revised manuscript, authors must provide publication-ready source files. The main manuscript file should be provided as word processor files (e.g., .doc, .docx, .odt, .rtf) with high resolution figures submitted as separate files. At this time, we require you follow carefully our instructions on formatting. Guidelines for submitting source files appear below. The text file should include tables and figure legends. Figures and Appendices with supplementary material should be uploaded separately. The text file should include track-changes and you may upload an additional “clean version” without track-changes, as “additional file for review but not for publication”.


Manuscripts should be in British or American English. Be consistent throughout the manuscript. Linguistic usage should be correct. Avoid the use of the passive voice. Avoid extensive reviews in the Introduction and Discussion. Cite only essential sources of a theory or opinion. 


The title should be concise, informative and comprehensible to a broad scientific audience. Where possible, it should be a statement of the main result or conclusion presented in the manuscript. When formulating a title you should bear in mind both human readers and search engines. Including keywords in your title, for example, can help readers discover your article online. Do not include specialist abbreviations or authorities for taxonomic names in your title. The title should be brief and contain words useful for indexing and information retrieval. 


The first page should contain only the title and the author's name, Orcid ORCiD IDs (check carefully), address, and email-address. Orcid ORCiD id ( is mandatory for the corresponding author, and strongly recommended for additional authors. Page two contains the abstract, in which the main results of the work should be summarised. The abstract should contain less than 300 words. Begin the introduction on page three. Avoid right margin justification and hyphenation. Double-check the contents of your manuscript before submitting. Add page- and line-numbers to the text.


Use SI units as far as possible. 


Binomial Latin names should be used in accordance with International Rules of Nomenclature[Office2] . 


This includes acknowledging persons (authors or not) who have contributed to this paper. Here you can also state any monetary funding you have received or permits you have been granted. See example below.

  • Acknowledgements – Thanks to Joe Smith for help with the statistics and to Lisa Smith for drawing Figure 1.
  • Funding – This study was funded by The International Fund for Ecological Research, grant no. 00543.
  • Author contributions – The first and second author contributed equally to this paper.
  • Conflicts of interest – John Smith is employed by Ciba-Geigy.
  • Permit(s) – Permission to handle our study animals was given by the International Society of Mammalogists, no. 000010004. Landowners Patricia and John Smith have kindly given their permission to work on their land.


References must follow the style of the journal. Titles of journals should be abbreviated. Check previous issues of the journal. If in doubt, give the title in full. Do not refer to unpublished material or personal communications. [M3] Check that all references in the text are listed in the list of references and that all references listed are cited in the text.

In the main text
References should be listed chronologically: (Smith 1999, Dunn 2000, Nilsson et al. 2017). Do not use semi-colons as separators for the references.

Reference list

The list of references should be arranged alphabetically on authors' names and chronologically per author.

If the author's name is also mentioned with co-authors the following order should be used: publications of the single author, arranged chronologically - publications of the same author with one co-author, arranged chronologically – publications of the author with more than one co-author, arranged chronologically.
Publications by the same author(s) in the same year should be listed as 2004a, 2004b, etc.
All references must be complete, containing author names, year of publication, title, journal title using standard abbreviation, volume, first and last page numbers or article number. For references to in-press articles include a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number.
Reference lists not conforming to this format will be returned for revision.

In the list of references (double-spaced), the following usage should be conformed to:

Journal article
Haila, Y. and Järvinen, O. 1983. Land bird communities on a Finnish island: species impoverishment and abundance patterns. – Oikos 41: 255-273.

Atkinson, C. T. and Samuel, M. D. 2010. Avian malaria Plasmodium relictum in native Hawaiian forest birds: epizootiology and demographic impacts on apapane Himatione sanguinea. – J. Avian Biol. 41: 357–366.

If more than two authors:
Lindsay, A. et al. 2000. Are plant populations seed-limited? A review of seed sowing experiments. – Oikos 88: 225–238.

Mayr, E. 1963. Animal species and evolution. –- Harvard Univ. Press.

Goodall, D. W. 1972. Building and testing ecosystem models. – In: Jeffers, J. N. R. (ed.), Mathematical models in ecology. Blackwell, pp. 173–194. 


Tables and legends of illustrations should be written double-spaced on separate sheets. Do not incorporate the legend in the figure itself. Tables and illustration legends should be comprehensible without reference to the text. Do not use italic lettering. 

Our preferred files are vector-images e.g. as: .eps or .pdf

Rasterised (pixelated) files are also welcome but have to follow the specifications below. Can be submitted as: .tif, .jpeg, .pdf and other formats.

All images (but vector-files) must be supplied at 300–600 dpi (print resolution), not 72 dpi (screen resolution). The 300–600 dpi resolution must be generated in the application used to create the image and at approximately the correct size. If your system cannot produce variable output resolutions, the image should be created at a larger size so that the effective resolution is increased when the image is scaled down by us.

Width: 8 cm (single-column), 12.5 cm (1.5 column) or 16.6 cm (double-column).

The quality of a low-resolution figure cannot be improved by simply increasing the resolution in graphics software. To improve the resolution of your figure, you must re-create the figure from the beginning.
Resolution below 300 dpi results in blurred, jagged or pixelated published figures.

The quality of your figures is only as good as the lowest-resolution element placed in them. If you created a 72 dpi line graph and placed it in a 300 dpi .tif, the graph will look blurred, jagged, or pixelated.

On figures, use only common sans-serif fonts, such as Geneva, Helvetica, or Arial. Letters, numbers and symbols must appear clearly but not oversized.

Be consistent throughout the figure with colours, line weights, and styles. Panels within the figure should be designated with lower case letters in parentheses (e.g. (a), (b), (c)...).

You cannot submit individual image-files with a size > 50MB.

Colour figures are most welcome and will be published free of charge.


Supplementary material

Supplementary material may be posted as electronic files on the journal's website.

Read important instructions on how we handle Supplementary material

Note: Supplementary material files will not be copy-edited and proofs will not be provided.

Our publication policies

Our detailed publication policies can be found in the NSO|OEO Editorial and Publishing policies file []. Our compiled policies cover various topics like conflict of interest, authorship, roles of editors, copyright and license policies.

We will follow recommendations by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)

Short summaries of our policies for key issues can be found below. Download the complete set of policies here:

Submitting a paper

Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that the work has not been published before, is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has been read and approved by all authors. Manuscripts submitted to NSO journals will be checked using anti-plagiarism software provided by iThenticate.

Manuscripts are submitted to reviewers for evaluation of their significance and soundness. Authors will generally be notified of acceptance, rejection, or need for revision within two months. Decisions of the editor are final. 

Statement on authorship

Manuscripts should conform to recommendations for authorship provided by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (the Vancouver Group; see That is, authorship of a paper carries with it responsibility as well as credit. All those whose names appear as authors should have played a significant role in designing or carrying out the research, writing the manuscript, or providing extensive guidance to the execution of the project. They should be able to present and defend the work in a public forum. Honorary authorship is to be avoided. All authors must agree on both the submission and full content of any article carrying their name. Any violation of these conditions may represents academic misconduct and will be dealt with accordingly. 

Corresponding author

Please make sure you have correctly selected the corresponding author, as it is stated on the manuscript. Note that an ORCiID ID is mandatory for corresponding author and strongly recommended for co-authors.

We accept one corresponding author only.

Conflicts of interests

At submission, you are requested to declare any conflict of interest.


Oikos assumes authors of a paper have acquired any permits needed planning and executing the study reported in the paper.

Permits given shall be listed under “Declarations”

Data policy/repositories

Data archiving and registration of sequences –- Oikos Oikos requires authors to deposit the data supporting the results in the paper in an appropriate publically accessible archive, such as e.g. Dryad (, TreeBase, figshare, or other archive that guarantees preservation and accessas well as a permanent identifier of the data (such as e.g. DOI-number or Genbank accession number) for access. The permanent DOI-number from the archiveidentifier should be provided by the authors or the archive, after acceptance of the paper. Data should normally be made publicly available at the time of publication, but may be postponed for up to one year if the technology of the  archive allows for it. Longer emabrgos embargoes may be granted in exceptional cases after correspondeancde with the Eeditorial Ooffice of Oikos.  Derived, summary data may also be archived. DNA sequences published in Oikos should be deposited in the EMBL/GenBank/DDJB Nucleotide Sequence Databases. An accession number for each sequence must be included in the manuscript. Oikos submission system is integrated with Dryad and the journal will cover the Data Processing Charge if you decide to deposit your data there.

Here is aA list of suggested repositories can be found

How to cite data in a manuscript:

-Data should be cited both in the text and in the BibliographyReferences. When referencing data in the text put this as the last part of material and methods:

Data available from the Dryad Digital Repository:  Bergeron et al. 2017

In the BibliographyReferences:

Bergeron JAC, Pinzon J, Odsen S, Bartels S, Ellen Macdonald S, Spence JR (2017) Data from: Ecosystem memory of wildfires affects resilience of boreal mixedwood biodiversity after retention harvest. Oikos  

 If several data sources are used cite these as 2011a, 2011b etc.


If funding has been received for the study, it shall be listed under “Declaration” in the manuscript and have to be listed during the submission.


Manuscripts that have been posted in a recognized preprint archive (such as arXiv and PeerJ PrePrints), can be considered for publication, providing that upon acceptance of the article, the authors are still able to grant Oikos an exclusive license to publish the article, or agree to the terms of an OnlineOpen agreement and pay the associated fee.

If the manuscript is accepted for publication in Oikos, the authors are required to provide a link to the final manuscript alongside the original preprint version.

What happens next – after acceptance

Production information/flow

The decision to accept your manuscript for publication will be communicated by the EiC through email.

The accepted manuscript will be published on Wiley Online Library prior to copy-editing and proof production. At this stage, a DOI (Digital Object Identifier) will be assigned to your manuscript. The accepted version will eventually be replaced by the final publication.

Manuscripts are edited to improve communication between author and reader. During this process, we may contact the corresponding author to request additional information.

Authors will receive electronic proofs, together with the Exclusive License Form (ELF)). Correct only printer's mistakes.

No offprints will be supplied. Instead corresponding authors will receive a locked PDF file to the use at their discretion. 

Licenses and OA

Articles are normally published under an Exclusive License agreement. This license permits the author to re-use the article, as long as the article, or any part of the article, is not sold or reproduced for commercial purposes. 12 months after publication, the author may post a copy of the accepted version of the article on a personal website, on the employer’s website/repository or on free public servers in the subject area. The author is not allowed to post a copy of the published pdf on any webpage or public repository (including sites like Researchgate). For complete terms and conditions, please see the Exclusive License Form

NSO – OA licence:

NSO – exclusive license forms:

There are no page charges. OnlineOpen is available to authors who wish to make their article freely available to non-subscribers on publication, or whose funding agency  requires an grantees to archive the final version of their articleOpen Access license. This option also helps authors to spread their research to a wider audience by making their paper freely available for anyone to download and read immediately after upon publication. With For OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive. The current fee Article Processing Charge for OnlineOpen is $2000, but thise fee can often be covered by your the authors funder or institutionemployer.  Via Wiley we collaborate with many of the large funding bodies and institutions worldwide, e.g. RCUK and Max Planck, allowing their grantees to publish OnlineOpen free of charge or at a reduced price. For a list of collaborators, and terms and conditions of terms and conditions, see here:

Any authors wishing to send publish their paper OnlineOpen will be required to complete the payment form available from our website at: contact the Editorial Office after acceptance of their paper.

Prior to acceptance there is no requirement to inform an Editorial Office that you intend to publish your paper OnlineOpen if you do not wish to. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit. OnlineOpen articles are published under a CC-BY license, allowing distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Signature of the Exclusive License form or OnlineOpen agreement is a condition of publication and papers will not be passed to the publisher for production unless a signed form has been received.

Promoting your paper on Social Media

Oikos is active on several Social Media channels.

Authors to of accepted papers are encouraged to make contributions to blogs, Twitter, Facebook, in form of photos, a popular summary of the study and/or a short video.


We encourage you to contribute to Twitter/Facebook, please send an email to the Managing Editor with a short text (max 140 characters) and a few pictures of for e.g. your study organism, from the field or a good image from your paper. Make sure to include your Twitter-handle if you are active on Twitter. You are welcome to submit infographics. All these will help to promote your paper.

Blog posts

We encourage you to write a blog post, please send an email to the Managing Editor with popular scientific text along with some nice pictures of e.g. your study organism, or from the field or a good image from your paper, or any other relevant image that will attract attention to your paper. Please see examples here:

Blog posts are shared on both Twitter and Facebook.

Video abstract

Video abstracts are most welcome


If you would like to have an image selected as cover, please email the image to the Managing Editor along with a photo credit/description and a signed cc-by form, which allows us to use the image for promotion. 

Questions and enquiries

The Managing Editor will provide answers to any questions you might have. Send an email to: <oikos [at] oikosoffice [dot] lu [dot] se>.